Author : Lynn Richard - Vanhanen Tatu
Title : IQ and Global Inequality A sequel to IQ and the Wealth of Nations
Year : 2006

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PREFACE. Why Isn't the Whole World Developed ? The question "Why isn't the whole world developed?" was the title of a keynote lecture delivered in 1981 at a conference of the American Economie History Association by Richard Easterlin, a distinguished development economist and the Kenan Professor of Economies at the University of Pennsylvania. His lecture was relevant for the present book because he raised the possibility that there might be differences in intelligence between the peoples of different countries and that these might explain why sorne are more economically developed than others. However, he rejected this possibility: "1 think we can safely dismiss the view that the failure of modern technological knowledge to spread rapidly was due to significant differences among nations in the native intelligence of their populations. To my knowledge there are no studies that definitively establish differences, say, in basic IQ among the peoples of the world" (1981, p. 5). Twenty years later two other economists, Eric Hanushek of the Hoover Institution and Dennis Kimko of the American National Bureau of Economie Research, reiterated this position: "we assume that the international level of average ability of students does not vary across countries" (Hanushek and Dennis Kimbo, 2000, p. 1191). ...