Author : Breasted James Henry
Title : Ancient times A history of the ancient early world An Introduction to the study of ancient history and the career of early man
Year : 1916

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Preface. It is now eighteen years since the publication of the first edition of this book, and nearly twenty years since it was written. The progress made in the study of the Ancient World during these last twenty years, in spite of the obstacles resulting from the World War since 1918, has probably never been equaled in the history of humanistic research. At The University of Chicago the organization of the Oriental Institute, in the summer of 1919, has contributed substantially to this progress. One of the most important developments has been the recovery of the evidence disclosing the life of man in the earliest Stone Age in Northeastern Africa by the Oriental Institute's Prehistoric Survey. Similar work in Western Asia, although not covering an extensive territory, has made it possible to sketch Stone Age development in the Near East as a whole, and thus to gain at least an outline of the prehistoric human development entirely around the Mediterranean. It is therefore no longer necessary to begin the Stone Age career of man with a resume of it exclusively in France and Europe, as was done in the first edition of Ancient Times, and then, passing to the Near East for the origins of civilization, to return to Europe again, thus involving a confusing alternation of first Europe, then the Near East, and then Europe again . In the present edition of Ancient Times it has been possible to begin the human career with the Early Stone Age entirely surrounding the Mediterranean, including the Near East, and then to continue it in chronological sequence down through the origins of civilization and the subsequent developments of civilized life in the Near East alone, to the point when these influences passed over into Europe. ...